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For information on State Natural Areas, contact:
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Wisconsin State Natural Areas Program Farmington Bottoms (No. 385)

Farmington Bottoms

Photo by Josh Mayer


Overview

Location

Within the St. Croix National Scenic Riverway, Polk County. T32N-R19W, Sections 5, 6, 7, 17-20, 29, 30, 32. 1238 acres.

Description

Description

Farmington Bottoms contains excellent examples of floodplain forest, emergent aquatics and forested seeps. Located along a little developed stretch of the St. Croix, the site features an extensive tract of old-growth lowland forest with running sloughs and backwaters. Silver maple is the dominant canopy species with green ash, hackberry, and American elm. Basswood, red oak, cottonwood, black willow, and yellowbud hickory are also present in smaller numbers. The understory is rather patchy in composition. Some areas are dominated by wood nettle, others by grasses and sedges. Shallow water areas contain abundant bulrush, rice cut grass and prairie cord grass. Herbaceous plants include cardinal flower, ostrich fern, ironweed, fringed loosestrife, and false dragonhead. Rough, deeply dissected terrain borders the lower St. Croix River with a local relief exceeding 350 feet. Banks at the base of the river terrace often contain seepages that harbor large populations of the state-endangered bog bluegrass (Poa paludigena). The surrounding upland forest contains oak, basswood, big-tooth aspen, paper birch and an occasional white pine. The shrub layer is generally sparse with American hazelnut and gray dogwood, and there are scattered patches of dry prairie and savanna vegetation on the warmer western and southern exposures. The forest provides critical habitat for many rare bird species including the state threatened red-shouldered hawk (Buteo lineatus) and prothonotary (Protonotaria citrea) and cerulean warblers (Dendroica cerulea). Other resident birds include great egret (Ardea alba), bald eagle (Haliaeetus leucocephalus), Louisiana waterthrush (Seiurus motacilla), and blue-gray gnatcatcher. Farmington Bottoms is owned by the National Park Service and was designated a State Natural Area in 2002.

Access

Driving directions

Ownership

Farmington Bottoms is owned by:

  • National Park Service

Maps

The DNR's state natural areas program is comprised of lands owned by the state, private conservation organizations, municipalities, other governmental agencies, educational institutions and private individuals. While the majority of SNAs are open to the public, access may vary according to individual ownership policies. Public use restrictions may apply due to public safety, or to protect endangered or threatened species or unique natural features. Lands may be temporarily closed due to specific management activities. Users are encouraged to contact the landowner for more specific details.

The data shown on these maps have been obtained from various sources, and are of varying age, reliability, and resolution. The data may contain errors or omissions and should not be interpreted as a legal representation of legal ownership boundaries.

Recreation

Very few State Natural Areas have public facilities, but nearly all are open for a variety of recreational activities as indicated below. Generally, there are no picnic areas, restrooms, or other developments. Parking lots or designated parking areas are noted on individual SNA pages and maps. Trails, if present, are typically undesignated footpaths. If a developed trail is present, it will normally be noted on the SNA map and/or under the "Access" tab. A compass and topographic map or a GPS unit are useful tools for exploring larger, isolated SNAs.

Non-DNR lands

Hunting and trapping

This is a non-DNR owned SNA: Opportunities for hunting and trapping depend on the land owner. Please contact them directly to find out about their rules for hunting and trapping. You can find a link to other owner websites under the "Resource links" heading above. More details regarding allowable uses of this non-DNR owned SNA may be posted, if available, under the "Access" tab above.

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Other activities

Other allowable activities such as - but not limited to camping, geocaching and bicycling are determined by the landowner. Please contact them directly or visit their websites for details.

Last revised: Thursday, October 19, 2017