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For information on State Natural Areas, contact:
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Wisconsin State Natural Areas Program Lost Creek Bog (No. 274)

Lost Creek Bog

Photo by Josh Mayer


Overview

Location

Bayfield County. T50N-R6W, Sections 4, 5. T51N-R6W, Sections 32, 33, 34. 853 acres.

Description

Description

Lost Creek Bog features a Lake Superior estuarine system at the drowned mouths of three small creeks (Lost Creek 1, 2, and 3) where they empty into Siskiwit Bay. A coastal barrier sand spit forested with spruce and pine separates the wetlands from the lake. Shore fen, grading to open sedge bog, shrub swamp, and northern wet forest dominated by tamarack are the major communities in the natural area. The fen is well developed on the west and north sides of the lagoon, with a mat composed of woolly sedge, bogbean, sweet gale, and cotton grass. Boggy areas are dominated by Sphagnum mosses, sedges, leather-leaf and other ericaceous shrubs. Lost Creek 1 and 2 are flat, shallow, cold water streams with sandy bottoms that sustain a small brook trout population. Lost Creek 3 is a warm water drainage stream supporting minnows. The emergent marsh at their confluence harbors the largest known Wisconsin population of the state-endangered lake cress (Armoracia lacustris). Flora of the marsh is composed of lake sedge, water arum, marsh cinquefoil, and cat-tail. Bur-reed, water milfoil, yellow water-lily, common bladderwort, and pondweeds are among the submergent and floating-leaved species in the marsh. Several rare plants and animals have been recorded in the natural area, including dragon's-mouth orchid (Arethusa bulbosa), livid sedge (Carex livida), Hooker’s orchid (Platanthera hookeri), bog fritillary butterfly (Boloria eunomia), and bog copper butterfly (Lycaena epixanthe). Uncommon nesting birds recorded here are yellow-bellied flycatcher, evening grosbeak and merlin. Migratory waterfowl and other water birds make extensive use the site. Lost Creek Bog is owned by the DNR and was designated a State Natural Area in 1993.

Access

Driving directions

At the junction State Highway 13 and County Highway C in Cornucopia, go west on Blueberry Lane about 1.3 miles to its end. Park at the undeveloped canoe/kayak launch for access to the northern portion of the bog via foot or water. NOTE: DNR land ownership at the launch is extremely limited, affording space for only 1 or 2 vehicles. Also, DNR land is not directly accessible along Blueberry Lane to the east and north, as may be depicted in plat and other maps. Do not park elsewhere along Blueberry Lane and walk south into the bog, as this would constitute trespass on private property.

The remainder of the wetland is best accessed by canoe/kayak. Uplands are accessible adjacent to Highway 13 on the south or Roman Point Road on the west.

Ownership

Lost Creek Bog is owned by:

  • WDNR

Maps

The DNR's state natural areas program is comprised of lands owned by the state, private conservation organizations, municipalities, other governmental agencies, educational institutions and private individuals. While the majority of SNAs are open to the public, access may vary according to individual ownership policies. Public use restrictions may apply due to public safety, or to protect endangered or threatened species or unique natural features. Lands may be temporarily closed due to specific management activities. Users are encouraged to contact the landowner for more specific details.

The data shown on these maps have been obtained from various sources, and are of varying age, reliability, and resolution. The data may contain errors or omissions and should not be interpreted as a legal representation of legal ownership boundaries.

Objectives

Site objectives

Manage the site as a reserve for submergent/emergent marsh, open bog, and shore fen, as an aquatic reserve and a wetland protection site, as a rare plant habitat site, and as an ecological reference area. Natural processes will determine the structure of the forest and wetlands. Provide opportunities for research and education on the highest quality native northern mesic forests, tamarack swamps and open bogs.

Management approach

The native species are managed passively, which allows nature to determine the ecological characteristics of the site. Exceptions include control of invasive plants and animals, maintenance of existing facilities, and access to suppress fires. Salvage of trees after a major wind event is not considered compatible with management objectives.

Site-specific considerations

  • Augmentation of the lake cress population may be considered after scientific review.
  • Although removal of hazardous trees from over and near state-approved snowmobile trails is an allowed activity, manipulation/removal of vegetation and soil disturbance must be minimized, and must have no impact on the rare species found at the site. This also holds true for the boat launch area.
  • Roadside and utility easement areas may be managed sporadically by state, township and utility.

Recreation

Very few State Natural Areas have public facilities, but nearly all are open for a variety of recreational activities as indicated below. Generally, there are no picnic areas, restrooms, or other developments. Parking lots or designated parking areas are noted on individual SNA pages and maps. Trails, if present, are typically undesignated footpaths. If a developed trail is present, it will normally be noted on the SNA map and/or under the "Access" tab. A compass and topographic map or a GPS unit are useful tools for exploring larger, isolated SNAs.

Allowable activities

In general, the activities listed below are allowed on all DNR-owned SNA lands. Exceptions to this list of public uses, such as SNAs closed to hunting, are noted under the "Access" tab above and posted with signs on site.

  • Hiking
  • Fishing
  • Cross country skiing
  • Hunting
  • Trapping

Prohibited activities

  • Camping and campfires
  • Collecting of animals (other than legally harvested species), non-edible fungi, rocks, minerals, fossils, archaeological artifacts, soil, downed wood, or any other natural material, alive or dead. Collecting for scientific research requires a permit issued by the DNR
  • Collecting of plants including seeds, roots or other non-edible parts of herbaceous plants such as wildflowers or grasses
  • Drone use, unless authorized by a SNA research permit
  • Geocaching
  • Horseback riding
  • Rock climbing
  • Vehicles, including bicycles, ATVs, aircraft, and snowmobiles except on trails and roadways designated for their use

For rules governing state-owned SNAs and other state lands, please consult Chapter NR 45 Wis. Admin. Code [exit DNR]

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Last revised: Thursday, October 19, 2017