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For information on State Natural Areas, contact:
Thomas Meyer
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608-266-0394

Wisconsin State Natural Areas Program Franklin and Butternut Lakes (No. 119)

Franklin Lake

Photo by Josh Mayer


Overview

Location

Within the Chequamegon-Nicolet National Forest, Forest County. T40N-R12E, Sections 15, 16, 17, 20, 21, 23, 26, 27, 28. 1,396 acres.

Description

Description

The key features of Franklin-Butternut Lakes are a number of small undeveloped lakes and several old-growth hemlock-hardwood stands in a hummocky pitted outwash terrain. The lakes are mostly of the soft water seepage type and range from Sunfish Lake, with its sandy bottom and sterile rosette flora, to a string of bog lakes on the north side of Franklin Lake. Included in the complex is the Bose Lake Hemlock-Hardwoods Research Natural Area, a fine old-growth stand with no evidence of cutting. Mature hemlock, sugar maple, yellow birch, and basswood dominate the forest with paper birch, balsam fir, and red maple are among the other trees present. The forest floor has an accumulation of fallen trees, tip-up mounds, and many cradle knolls. A relatively recent blowdown occurred on the south end of the stand with many large trees on the ground, all of which fell in an ENE direction. The resulting canopy gaps are filled with sugar maple seedlings and saplings. Characteristic groundlayer species are intermediate wood fern, wild sarsaparilla, large leaved aster, Canada mayflower, and club-mosses. Two rare lichens that require old-growth conditions have been found here. Several interconnected stands of hemlock-dominated old growth are on the isthmus between Franklin and Butternut Lakes. The Franklin Nature Trail winds through a portion of them. Smaller stands of old growth hemlock are found on the east side of Sunfish Lake, on the landward end of the sand spit on the north side of Franklin Lake, and on a long esker-like ridge in the vicinity of Two Dutchmen Lake. A few small stands of mature red and white pine occur on the dryer sandy loam soils, while most of the better hardwood and hemlock stands are on silt loams. The hardwood stands are generally sugar maple-dominated with yellow birch, basswood, and white ash as common associates. Bogs, black spruce-tamarack swamps, and small areas of bluejoint grass occupy the lowlands. Ecological gradients, for the most part, are intact. North of Franklin Lake, separated from the main body of the complex, is an area of bogs, bog lakes, and associated conifer swamps set in sandy, cut-over uplands with occasional intact groves of hemlock and red and white pine. Many of the wetland types here are of very good quality. A sand spit anchored by alder and red maple extends far out into Franklin Lake. The lakeshore to the north of the sand spit consists of a long beach ridge and a narrow damp swale supporting mature white pine with royal fern beneath. The lakeward side of the beach ridge is bordered by alder grading to a large floating sedge mat with a good mix of species. The numerous large old trees and snags situated near lakeshores provide important nesting sites for bald eagles and the lakes see much use by common loons. Other characteristic birds include blackburnian and black throated green warblers, red breasted nuthatch, winter wren, and pileated woodpecker. Red backed salamanders are found in surprising numbers. Originally designated as the 25-acre Bose Lake State Natural Area in 1974, Franklin and Butternut Lakes is owned by the US Forest Service and was expanded in 2007.

Access

Driving directions

From the intersection of State Highways 70 and 55 just south of Alvin, go west on 70 about 7.5 miles, then south on Forest Road 2176 (Divide Road) 2.75 miles to an old logging road (0.1 mile south of lane marked with fire number 15501). Walk west 0.25 miles to the southeast edge of the site. FR 2380, 2181, 2110 and 2140 provide access to various portions of the site.

Ownership

Franklin and Butternut Lakes is owned by:

  • US Forest Service

Maps

The DNR's state natural areas program is comprised of lands owned by the state, private conservation organizations, municipalities, other governmental agencies, educational institutions and private individuals. While the majority of SNAs are open to the public, access may vary according to individual ownership policies. Public use restrictions may apply due to public safety, or to protect endangered or threatened species or unique natural features. Lands may be temporarily closed due to specific management activities. Users are encouraged to contact the landowner for more specific details.

The data shown on these maps have been obtained from various sources, and are of varying age, reliability, and resolution. The data may contain errors or omissions and should not be interpreted as a legal representation of legal ownership boundaries.

Recreation

Very few State Natural Areas have public facilities, but nearly all are open for a variety of recreational activities as indicated below. Generally, there are no picnic areas, restrooms, or other developments. Parking lots or designated parking areas are noted on individual SNA pages and maps. Trails, if present, are typically undesignated footpaths. If a developed trail is present, it will normally be noted on the SNA map and/or under the "Access" tab. A compass and topographic map or a GPS unit are useful tools for exploring larger, isolated SNAs.

Non-DNR lands

Hunting and trapping

This is a non-DNR owned SNA: Opportunities for hunting and trapping depend on the land owner. Please contact them directly to find out about their rules for hunting and trapping. You can find a link to other owner websites under the "Resource links" heading above. More details regarding allowable uses of this non-DNR owned SNA may be posted, if available, under the "Access" tab above.

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Prohibited activities

  • Horseback riding
  • Rock climbing
  • Vehicles, including bicycles, ATVs, aircraft, and snowmobiles except on trails and roadways designated for their use
  • Collecting of animals, non-edible fungi, rocks, minerals, fossils, archaeological artifacts, soil, downed wood, or any other natural material, alive or dead. Collecting for scientific research requires a permit issued by the DNR
  • Collecting of plants including seeds, roots or other non-edible parts of herbaceous plants such as wildflowers or grasses
  • Camping and campfires
  • Geocaching

For rules governing state-owned SNAs and other state lands, please consult Chapter NR 45 Wis. Admin. Code [exit DNR]

Last revised: Friday, June 20, 2014