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where Karners are typically located in Wisconsin
Karner HCP guidelines and management protocols
partner annual reports
Contact information
For information on the Karner blue butterfly program, contact:
Becky Roth
KBB HCP Coordinator

Karner blue butterflyMonitoring protocol and training

Karner Blue Butterfly resting on finger.
Photo by Anna Hess

The Habitat Conservation Plan provides monitoring protocols to determine the presence or absence of suitable habitat for Karners (Level 1 survey) and presence/absence for Karners (Level 2 survey). Refer to the Monitoring Guidance and Protocol [PDF] for more detailed information on these surveys. The HCP survey protocol is accepted by the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service. 

Level 1 survey

Level 1 surveys for wild lupine--the Karner’s larval host plant--typically can be conducted between late May and July 31. During drought years, lupine may senesce earlier than July 31. Please contact HCP staff during drought years to verify the dates.

Level 2 survey

Level 2 surveys for adult Karners are conducted during the two flight periods that typically occur mid-June and mid-July (the exact dates vary from year to year--refer to the emergence model for annual flight predictions). To prove absence of Karners, three site visits are necessary with a minimum of two site visits conducted during the second flight.


Training on the HCP protocol is provided annually during late May through June for HCP partners, contractors, consultants and other interested parties. The half-day sessions are provided at several locations in the Karner range and the certification provided by the program is valid for five years. Contact the HCP program staff for additional information.

Last revised: Monday September 19 2016