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Low Calamint (Calamintha arkansana)


Life history

Species overview

Low Calamint (Calamintha arkansana), a State Special Concern plant, is found most typically on wet dolomite flats on Lake Michigan (Door County), as well as fens and wet prairies. Blooming occurs late June through late September; fruiting occurs late July through late September. The optimal identification period for this species is early July through late August.

Synonyms: Calamintha glabella, Clinopodium arkansanum, Clinopodium glabrum, Hedeoma arkansana, Hedeoma glabra, Micromeria glabella, Satureja arkansana, Satureja glabra, Satureja glabella

Identification

  • Distinguishing characteristics: Entire plant minty-aromatic when crushed; leaves linear or inversely lance-shaped, and at least 4 times as long as wide; stems square and glabrous, except for a small tuft of hair where each leaf originates.
  • Flower characteristics: Flowers 2 to 8, pale purple, tube-shaped, located just above each leaf on the upper part of the plant; petals 8 to 15 mm long.
  • Fruit characteristics: Nutlets reticulate, smooth with 1 seed each.
  • Leaf characteristics: Linear or inversely lance-shaped, at least 4 times as long as wide, becoming smaller as they near the tip of the plant.

Phenology

  • Blooming phenology: late June through late September
  • Fruiting phenology: late July through late September
  • Optimum time to identify: early July through late August

Other

  • Growth form: Forb-erect
  • Vegetative reproduction:
  • Life cycle: Perennial
  • Comments: Associated Species: Lobelia kalmii, Potentilla fruticosa, Hypeicum kalmianum, Parnassia glauca, Gentiana procera, Solidago ohioensis, Pycnanthemum virginianum, Selaginella eclipes.

State status

Status and Natural Heritage Inventory documented occurrences in Wisconsin

The table below provides information about the protected status - state and federal - and the rank (S and G Ranks) for Low Calamint (Calamintha arkansana). See the Working List Key for more information about abbreviations. Counties shaded blue have documented occurrences for this species in the Wisconsin Natural Heritage Inventory database. The map is provided as a general reference of where this species has been found to date and is not meant as a range map.


Documented locations of Calamintha arkansana in the Natural Heritage Inventory Database as of March 2012.

Summary Information
State StatusSC
Federal Status in Wisconsinnone
State RankS2
Global RankG5
Tracked by NHIY

Habitats and landscapes

The Natural Heritage Inventory has developed scores indicating the degree to which each of Wisconsin's rare plant species is associated with a particular natural community or ecological landscape. This information is similar to that found in the Wildlife Action Plan for animals. As this is a work in progress, we welcome your suggestions and feedback.

General habitat information

  • Habitat description: Found most typically on wet dolomite flats on Lake Michigan (Door County), as well as fens and wet prairies.
  • Soils: Moist, calcareous soils.

Natural communities

This table lists the natural communities that are associated with Low Calamint. Scores for natural community associations are: "significant" association (score=3), "moderate association" (score=2) or the species can be present but is only weakly associated with the community (score=1).

Ecological landscapes

This table lists the ecological landscape association scores for Low Calamint. The scores (3=High, 2=Moderate, 1=Low, 0=None) also correspond to the map.

Map of the Ecological Landscapes of Wisconsin.

Species guidance

The Endangered Resources Program has developed avoidance measures and management guidelines for plants on the Natural Heritage Working List. These are a work in progress, and we welcome your suggestions and feedback. Sources used in developing this information can be found here.

Avoidance measures

These are specific actions designed to avoid "take" (mortality) of this species.

  • Avoid known individual plant locations and conduct operations elsewhere when they are least likely to cause damage. Ideally, this would involve frozen, snow-covered ground. However, in areas of the state where frozen conditions are unreliable, very dry soils late in the growing season might be the best available alternative. Consult with a biologist, if needed.
  • Avoid broadcast spraying of herbicides; use care with spot spraying.

Management guidance

Management guidelines are additional considerations that may help maintain or enhance habitat for this species

  • Minimize disturbance to hydrology, including soil disturbance from rutting.
  • Maintain and restore open habitat through selective clearing and brushing.
  • Avoid disturbance to shorelines and the forest-beach interface.
  • Prescribed burns and/or brushing may be beneficial (dependent on local site conditions).
  • Survey for and control invasive plants prior to conducting timber operations, as these can be spread by vehicles and often respond vigorously to increased light; see forestry BMPs for invasive species.

Photos


Low Calamint  [Photo #2177]

SW coast.

Photo © Emmet Judziewicz.

Low Calamint  [Photo #23418]

Photo © Emmet Judziewicz.

Low Calamint  [Photo #23419]

Photo © Emmet Judziewicz.

Low Calamint  [Photo #23500]

Photo © Robert Kowal, Wisconsin State Herbarium


Support for Wisconsin's rare plant information has been provided by the Division of Forestry, the Endangered Resources Fund and the Wisconsin Rare Plant Preservation Fund. To donate, visit the Natural Resources Foundation of Wisconsin [exit DNR].

Last revised: Monday, July 21, 2014
Southwest Savanna Southern Lake Michigan Coastal Western Coulees and Ridges Southeast Glacial Plains Central Sand Hills Central Lake Michigan Coastal Central Sand Plains Northern Lake Michigan Coastal Northern Lake Michigan Coastal Northeast Sands Western Prairie North Central Forest Northern Highlands Northwest Lowlands Northwest Sands Northwest Lowlands Superior Coastal Plains Forest Transition