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Rare animals
Find rare and non-game animals.
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Learn about plants on the Natural Heritage Working List.
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Discover Wisconsin's lichens.
Natural communities
Explore Wisconsin's natural communities.
Other features
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Contact information
For information on Wisconsin's natural communities, contact:
Ryan O'Connor
Natural Heritage Inventory Assistant Ecologist
608-266-7714

Mesic Cedar Forest

State Rank: S1     Global Rank: G3?   what are these ranks?

Definition

General natural community overview

Mesic Cedar Forest is a rare upland forest community of mesic sites in northern Wisconsin, characterized by northern white-cedar (Thuja occidentalis) and various associates including hemlock (Tsuga canadensis), white spruce (Abies balsamea), yellow birch (Betula alleghaniensis), and white pine (Pinus strobus). The herb layer may contain Canada mayflower (Maianthemum canadense), twinflower (Linnaea borealis), club-mosses (Lycopodium spp.), and others. More information is needed on this community type.

Rare animals

Species of Greatest Conservation Need

Wisconsin Wildlife Action Plan graphic

The following Species of Greatest Conservation Need are listed according to their level of association with the Mesic Cedar Forest natural community type, based on the findings in Wisconsin's 2015 Wildlife Action Plan.

Scores: 3 = significantly associated, 2 = moderately associated, and 1 = minimally associated.

AmphibiansScore
Four-toed SalamanderHemidactylium scutatum3
Mink FrogLithobates septentrionalis1
Pickerel FrogLithobates palustris1

Aquatic and terrestrial snailsScore
Eastern Flat-whorlPlanogyra asteriscus2

BirdsScore
Least FlycatcherEmpidonax minimus3
Long-eared OwlAsio otus2
American WoodcockScolopax minor1
Black-backed WoodpeckerPicoides arcticus1
Northern GoshawkAccipiter gentilis1
Red-shouldered HawkButeo lineatus1
Swainson's ThrushCatharus ustulatus1

Grasshoppers and alliesScore
Crackling Forest GrasshopperTrimerotropis verruculata1

MammalsScore
American MartenMartes americana3
Northern Flying SquirrelGlaucomys sabrinus3
Little Brown BatMyotis lucifugus2
Northern Long-eared BatMyotis septentrionalis2
Silver-haired BatLasionycteris noctivagans2
Water ShrewSorex palustris2
Woodland Jumping MouseNapaeozapus insignis2

ReptilesScore
Wood TurtleGlyptemys insculpta3

Please see Section 2. Approach and Methods of the Wildlife Action Plan to learn how this information was developed.

Landscapes

The following Ecological Landscapes have the best opportunities to manage for Mesic Cedar Forest, based on the Ecological Landscapes of Wisconsin Handbook.


Map of the Ecological Landscapes of Wisconsin.

Ecological LandscapeOpportunity
North Central ForestImportant

Major (3 on map)
A major opportunity for sustaining the natural community in the Ecological Landscape exists, either because many significant occurrences of the natural community have been recorded in the landscape or major restoration activities are likely to be successful maintaining the community's composition, structure, and ecological function over a longer period of time.

Important (2 on map)
Although the natural community does not occur extensively or commonly in the Ecological Landscape, one to several occurrences do occur and are important in sustaining the community in the state. In some cases, important opportunities may exist because the natural community may be restricted to just one or a few Ecological Landscapes within the state and there may be a lack of opportunities elsewhere.

Present (1 on map)
The natural community occurs in the Ecological Landscape, but better management opportunities appear to exist in other parts of the state.

Threats/Actions

Wisconsin Wildlife Action Plan graphic

What are conservation actions?

Conservation actions respond to issues or threats, which adversely affect species of greatest conservation need (SGCN) or their habitats. Besides actions such as restoring wetlands or planting resilient tree species in northern communities, research, surveys and monitoring are also among conservation actions described in the WWAP because lack of information can threaten our ability to successfully preserve and care for natural resources.

Threats/issues and conservations actions for natural communities

Photos


Mesic Cedar Forest Photos

Mesic Cedar Forest Photo

Mesic Cedar Forest with mixed components of upland cedar, hemlock, white pine, and maple.

Photo by Matthew Bushman.

Mesic Cedar Forest Photo

Mesic Cedar Forest with mixed components of upland cedar, hemlock, white pine, and maple.

Photo by Matthew Bushman.

Mesic Cedar Forest Photo

Mesic Cedar Forest with mixed components of upland cedar, hemlock, white pine, and maple.

Photo by Matthew Bushman.

Mesic Cedar Forest Photo

Mesic Cedar Forest with mixed components of upland cedar, hemlock, white pine, and maple.

Photo by Matthew Bushman.

Mesic Cedar Forest Photo

Mesic Cedar Forest with mixed components of upland cedar, hemlock, white pine, and maple.

Photo by Matthew Bushman.

Mesic Cedar Forest Photo

Mesic Cedar Forest with mixed components of upland cedar, hemlock, white pine, and maple.

Photo by Matthew Bushman.

Mesic Cedar Forest Photo

Mesic Cedar Forest with mixed components of upland cedar, hemlock, white pine, and maple.

Photo by Matthew Bushman.

Mesic Cedar Forest Photo

Mesic Cedar Forest with mixed components of upland cedar, hemlock, white pine, and maple.

Photo by Matthew Bushman.

Note: photos are provided to illustrate various examples of natural community types. A single photograph cannot represent the range of variability inherent in a given community type. Some of these photos explicitly illustrate unusual and distinctive community variants. The community photo galleries are a work in progress that we will expand and improve in the future.

Last revised: Monday, November 14, 2016