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Natural communities
Explore Wisconsin's natural communities.
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Contact information
For information on Wisconsin's natural communities, contact:
Ryan O'Connor
Natural Heritage Inventory Assistant Ecologist
608-266-7714

Springs and Spring Runs, Soft

Need a main photo for this community

State Rank: SU     Global Rank: GNR   what are these ranks?

Definition

General natural community overview

A "spring" is a defined point at which groundwater reaches the surface (a spring seepage is less easily localized or defined). The "spring run" is a defined flowing channel (these can be braided) fed by the spring. Usually these are short, and either join other spring runs, a stream, a spring pond, or a spring lake. Total alkalinity is < 50 ppm. Alkalinity can play a role in determining invertebrate composition of a site (e.g., those that make shells are mostly associated with "hard" water springs).

Rare animals

Species of Greatest Conservation Need

Wisconsin Wildlife Action Plan graphic

The following Species of Greatest Conservation Need are listed according to their level of association with the Springs and Spring Runs, Soft natural community type, based on the findings in Wisconsin's 2015 Wildlife Action Plan.

Scores: 3 = high association, 2 = moderate association, and 1 = low association. See the key to association scores for complete definitions.

AmphibiansScore
Pickerel FrogLithobates palustris3

BirdsScore
American WoodcockScolopax minor1

Dragonflies and damselfliesScore
Delta-spotted SpiketailCordulegaster diastatops3
Springwater DancerArgia plana3
Forcipate EmeraldSomatochlora forcipata2
Hine's EmeraldSomatochlora hineana1
Swamp DarnerEpiaeschna heros1

FishesScore
Mud DarterEtheostoma asprigene1

MammalsScore
Big Brown BatEptesicus fuscus3
Little Brown BatMyotis lucifugus3
Northern Long-eared BatMyotis septentrionalis2
Silver-haired BatLasionycteris noctivagans2
Water ShrewSorex palustris2
Eastern PipistrellePerimyotis subflavus1

Please see Section 2. Approach and Methods of the Wildlife Action Plan to learn how this information was developed.

Landscapes

The following Ecological Landscapes have the best opportunities to manage for Springs and Spring Runs, Soft, based on the Ecological Landscapes of Wisconsin Handbook.


Map of the Ecological Landscapes of Wisconsin.


Major (3 on map)
A major opportunity for sustaining the natural community in the Ecological Landscape exists, either because many significant occurrences of the natural community have been recorded in the landscape or major restoration activities are likely to be successful maintaining the community's composition, structure, and ecological function over a longer period of time.

Important (2 on map)
Although the natural community does not occur extensively or commonly in the Ecological Landscape, one to several occurrences do occur and are important in sustaining the community in the state. In some cases, important opportunities may exist because the natural community may be restricted to just one or a few Ecological Landscapes within the state and there may be a lack of opportunities elsewhere.

Present (1 on map)
The natural community occurs in the Ecological Landscape, but better management opportunities appear to exist in other parts of the state.

Threats/Actions

Wisconsin Wildlife Action Plan graphic

What are conservation actions?

Conservation actions respond to issues or threats, which adversely affect species of greatest conservation need (SGCN) or their habitats. Besides actions such as restoring wetlands or planting resilient tree species in northern communities, research, surveys and monitoring are also among conservation actions described in the WWAP because lack of information can threaten our ability to successfully preserve and care for natural resources.

Threats/issues and conservations actions for natural communities

Photos

There are no photos available for Springs and Spring Runs, Soft at this time. Please consider donating a photo to the Natural Heritage Conservation Program.

Last revised: Tuesday, November 28, 2017