- Share your observations
Share your observations of plants or non-game animals with the Natural Heritage Inventory.
- Contact information
- For information on Wisconsin's rare animals, contact:
- Rich Staffen
Kirtland's Warbler (Setophaga kirtlandii)
Kirtland's Warbler (Dendroica kirtlandii), a bird listed as Endangered in Wisconsin and Federally listed as Endangered, is found in areas at least 30 hectares in size, where scrubby jack pine (2 to 6 meters high) is interspersed with many small openings and minimal ground cover. The recommended avoidance period is from May 1 - August 30. See the species guidance document for avoidance measures and management guidance from the Natural Heritage Conservation Program.
Note: Kirtland's Warbler (Setophaga kirtlandii) was added to the Wisconsin E/T list on January 1, 2014 per administrative rule ER-27-11. Learn more
Status and Natural Heritage Inventory documented occurrences in Wisconsin
The table below provides information about the protected status - both state and federal - and the rank (S and G Ranks) for Kirtland's Warbler (Setophaga kirtlandii). See the Working List Key for more information about abbreviations. Counties shaded blue have documented occurrences for this species in the Wisconsin Natural Heritage Inventory database. The map is provided as a general reference of where occurrences of this species meet NHI data standards and is not meant as a comprehensive map of all observations.
Note: Species recently added to the NHI Working List may temporarily have blank occurrence maps.
|Federal Status in Wisconsin||LE|
|Tracked by NHI||Y|
Kirtland's Warbler (Setophaga kirtlandii) has very few known occurrences in the state and is of the highest priority for conservation; we encourage you to consult with your District Ecologist or an NHI Zoologist for specific recommendations for your site.
This document contains identification and life history information for Kirtland's Warbler. It also describes how to screen projects for potential impact to this species, lists avoidance measures, and provides general management guidance.
Links to additional Kirtland's Warbler information
- Wisconsin All-Bird Conservation Plan
- Michigan Natural Features Inventory
- All About Birds Species Account (Cornell Lab of Ornithology)
- "A warble from the barrens" (Wisconsin Natural Resources Magazine Article)
Other links related to birds
Wildlife Action Plan
Native community (habitat) associations
The table below lists the natural communities that are associated with Kirtland's Warbler. Only natural communities for which Kirtland's Warbler is "significantly" (score=3) or "moderately" (score=2) associated are shown. Please see the Wildlife Action Plan to learn how this information was developed.
|Central Sands Pine - Oak Forest||3|
|Northern Dry Forest--young seral||3|
Ecological landscape associations
The table below lists the ecological landscape association scores for Kirtland's Warbler. The scores correspond to the map (3=High, 2=Moderate, 1=Low, 0=None). For more information, please see the Wildlife Action Plan.
|Central Sand Plains||1|
Landscape-Community combinations of highest ecological priority*
Ecological priorities are the combinations of natural communities and ecological landscapes that provide Wisconsin's best opportunities to conserve important habitats for a given Species of Greatest Conservation Need. The 10 highest scoring combinations are considered ecological priorities and are listed below. More than 10 combinations are listed if multiple combinations tied for 10th place. For more information, please see the Wildlife Action Plan.
* Ecological priority score is a relative measure that is not meant for comparison between species. This score does not consider socio-economical factors that may dictate protection and/or management priorities differently than those determined solely by ecological analysis. Further, a low ecological priority score does not imply that management or preservation should not occur on a site if there are important reasons for doing so locally.
Threats and Conservation actions
Conservation actions respond to issues or threats, which adversely affect species of greatest conservation need (SGCN) or their habitats. Besides actions such as restoring wetlands or planting resilient tree species in northern communities, research, surveys and monitoring are also among conservation actions described in the WWAP because lack of information can threaten our ability to successfully preserve and care for natural resources.