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Upland Sandpiper (Bartramia longicauda)
Upland Sandpiper (Bartramia longicauda), a bird listed as Special Concern, prefers tallgrass prairies, sedge meadows, unmowed alfalfa/timothy fields and scattered woodlands. The recommended avoidance period is from April 25 - Aug 10.
Note: Upland Sandpiper (Bartramia longicauda) has been recommended for listing as threatened. Learn more
Status and Natural Heritage Inventory documented occurrences in Wisconsin
The table below provides information about the protected status - both state and federal - and the rank (S and G Ranks) for Upland Sandpiper (Bartramia longicauda). See the Working List Key for more information about abbreviations. Counties shaded blue have documented occurrences for this species in the Wisconsin Natural Heritage Inventory database. The map is provided as a general reference of where this species has been found to date and is not meant as a range map.
|Federal Status in Wisconsin||none|
|Tracked by NHI||Y|
A guidance document is not available at this time. However, the bird calendar contains dates for avoiding impacts to this and other rare Wisconsin birds when planning management activities.
Links to additional Upland Sandpiper information
- All About Birds Species Account (Cornell Lab of Ornithology)
- Wisconsin All-Bird Conservation Plan
- NatureServe Explorer information
Other links related to birds
Wildlife Action Plan
Information from Wisconsin's Wildlife Action Plan.
Native community (habitat) associations
The table below lists the natural communities that are associated with Upland Sandpiper. Only natural communities for which Upland Sandpiper is "significantly" (score=3) or "moderately" (score=2) associated are shown. Please see the Wildlife Action Plan to learn how this information was developed.
|Surrogate Grasslands (CRP, pasture, Hay)||3|
Ecological landscape associations
The table below lists the ecological landscape association scores for Upland Sandpiper. The scores correspond to the map (3=High, 2=Moderate, 1=Low, 0=None). For more information, please see the Wildlife Action Plan.
Landscape-Community combinations of highest ecological priority*
Ecological priorities are the combinations of natural communities and ecological landscapes that provide Wisconsin's best opportunities to conserve important habitats for a given Species of Greatest Conservation Need. The 10 highest scoring combinations are considered ecological priorities and are listed below. More than 10 combinations are listed if multiple combinations tied for 10th place. For more information, please see the Wildlife Action Plan.
* Ecological priority score is a relative measure that is not meant for comparison between species. This score does not consider socio-economical factors that may dictate protection and/or management priorities differently than those determined solely by ecological analysis. Further, a low ecological priority score does not imply that management or preservation should not occur on a site if there are important reasons for doing so locally.
- Advocate/support planning and zoning to prevent large, open agricultural landscapes from being converted to urban or suburban development.
- Continue agricultural set-aside programs that promote grasslands, especially programs that allow for permanent protection of shortgrass habitats and that permit light grazing. Discourage tree planting/succession in potentail or known breeding habitat.
- Educate and raise awareness regarding the values and heritage of grassland habitats and wildlife in Wisconsin.
- Incorporate light to moderate grazing and late hay mowing schedules on both privately and publicly owned grasslands.
- Need to control invasive plants such as yellow parsnip, crown vetch, leafy spurge and others on prairie and surrogate prairie grassland habitats.
- Promote and conserve appropriate shortgrass grassland habitats on privately owned lands
- Restoration of short-to moderate height (5-35 cm) native grasslands is beneficial. This species prefers large, open fields (>100 acres) and especially shortgrass habitats for brood-rearing and foraging.
- This species benefits from 3-5 year burning regimes.
- Use farm demonstration projects to increase knowledge of the possibility of managing farmland for the benefit of both wildlife and agricultural production.
Threats and issues
- The Upland Sandpiper is a shortgrass specialist, dependent on large (>80 acres) patches of idle, lightly grazed, or late-mowed grasslands that are short to moderate (5-35 cm) in height. This species has been negatively affected by habitat fragmentation, urban sprawl, agricultural intensification (including loss of pasture, increase in row crop acreage, and early and frequent havesting of alfalfa hay interferring with nesting), and woody succession (including tree planting in grassland landscapes). Activities that disturb grassland habitat during the breeding season are detrimental to this species. Note that while intensive agriculture and some military and recreation activities are threats (e.g., extensive use of grasslands by wheeled and tracked vehicles), some are beneficial (e.g., frequent burning to suppress woody growth, conservation of large grassland blocks).
- Agricultural pesticides may threaten this species, especially on the wintering grounds
- Research is needed to determine if wind farm development poses a threat to this species.
- Upland Sandpipers are neotropical migrants that face threats from habitat conversion (agricuture is limiting habitat use) on wintering grounds (Argentina especially) and at migratory stopover habitats.
- Note that grazing is only a threat when grassland is overgrazed; light to moderate grazing is beneficial to this species.