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Wisconsin ruffed grouse survey results indicate an increase in breeding grouse

Published by Central Office June 6, 2017

Contact(s): Mark Witecha, DNR upland wildlife ecologist, 608-267-7861; Brian Dhuey, DNR wildlife surveys coordinator, 608-221-6342

MADISON - Roadside ruffed grouse surveys [PDF] completed in spring 2017 showed statewide drumming activity increased 17 percent from 2016, based on data collected to monitor breeding grouse activity.

For complete survey results, visit dnr.wi.gov and search keywords "reports."

"An increase in breeding grouse activity hopefully will mean an increase in grouse nesting and brood rearing, which could mean more grouse for hunters to pursue this fall," said Wisconsin Department of Natural Resources Wildlife Survey Coordinator Brian Dhuey. "Ruffed grouse populations are known to rise and fall over a nine to 11-year cycle, and the last peak in Wisconsin's cycle occurred in 2011 - survey results suggest that we have passed the low point in the population cycle and have started the increasing phase, which should continue the next few years as the grouse population moves toward the next peak."

Roadside surveys to monitor the number of breeding grouse have been conducted by staff from the department, U.S. Forest Service, tribal employees, and numerous grouse enthusiasts and volunteers since 1964.

The survey results showed a 17 percent increase from 2016 levels. The northern and southwest regions showed increases, while the southeast and central regions remained stable or showed small declines. While increases in the southwest part of the state were the largest by percentage, this area is not within the primary range for grouse. The increase in activity in southwestern Wisconsin follows near historic lows, and likely would not significantly add to grouse abundance in the state.

Results from the 2017 survey show that grouse populations in both the southwest and southeast region remain well below historic levels. According to Mark Witecha, a DNR upland wildlife ecologist, maturation of southern Wisconsin's forest community and the resulting loss of dense, brushy areas that grouse need for cover has resulted in lower numbers of regional grouse in recent decades.

"Ruffed grouse rely on dense, young forest cover resulting from disturbances such as fire and logging," said Witecha. "Beyond actively managing state-owned lands, Wisconsin DNR is working to provide suitable grouse habitat through an extensive collaborative effort known as the Wisconsin Young Forest Partnership. The Partnership provides technical and financial assistance for young forest management on private lands, benefitting ruffed grouse and other wildlife species by helping maintain healthy and diverse forest communities."

For more information regarding grouse hunting in Wisconsin, search keywords "ruffed grouse hunting."


Young Forest Partnership
Video Credit: DNR

To learn more about managing habitat for ruffed grouse and other wildlife species, search keywords "young forest."

Last Revised: Tuesday, June 06, 2017

Contact information

For more information about news and media, contact:
James Dick
Director of Communications
608-267-2773