Unnamed, Waumandee Creek Watershed (BT06)
Unnamed, Waumandee Creek Watershed (BT06)
Joos Valley Creek (1808900)
7.44 Miles
0 - 7.44
Natural Community
Natural communities (stream and lake natural communities) represent model results that use predicted flow and temperature based on landscape features and related assumptions. Ranges of flow and temperature associated with specific aquatic life communities (fish, macroinvertebrates) help biologists identify appropriate resource management goals. Wisconsin's Riverine Natural Communities.
Cool-Cold Headwater
Year Last Monitored
This date represents the most recent date of water quality monitoring stored in the SWIMS system. Additional field surveys for fish and habitat may be available subsequent to this date.
2007
Fair
 
Buffalo
Trout Water 
Trout Waters are represented by Class I, Class II or Class III waters. These classes have specific ecological characteristics and management actions associated with them. For more information regarding Trout Classifications, see the Fisheries Trout Class Webpages.
No
Outstanding or Exceptional 
Wisconsin has designated many of the state's highest quality waters as Outstanding Resource Waters (ORWs) or Exceptional Resource Waters (ERWs). Waters designated as ORW or ERW are surface waters which provide outstanding recreational opportunities, support valuable fisheries and wildlife habitat, have good water quality, and are not significantly impacted by human activities. ORW and ERW status identifies waters that the State of Wisconsin has determined warrant additional protection from the effects of pollution. These designations are intended to meet federal Clean Water Act obligations requiring Wisconsin to adopt an 'antidegradation' policy that is designed to prevent any lowering of water quality - especially in those waters having significant ecological or cultural value.
No
Impaired Water 
A water is polluted or 'impaired' if it does not support full use by humans, wildlife, fish and other aquatic life and it is shown that one or more of the pollutant criteria are not met.
No

Fish and Aquatic Life

Current Use
The use the water currently supports. This is not a designation or classification; it is based on the current condition of the water. Information in this column is not designed for, and should not be used for, regulatory purposes.
WWFF
Streams capable of supporting a warm waterdependent forage fishery. Representative aquatic life communities associated with these waters generally require cool or warm temperatures and concentrations of dissolved oxygen that do not drop below 5 mg/L.
Attainable Use
The use that the investigator believes the water could achieve through managing "controllable" sources. Beaver dams, hydroelectric dams, low gradient streams, and naturally occurring low flows are generally not considered controllable. The attainable use may be the same as the current use or it may be higher.
Class III Trout
Streams capable of supporting a seasonal coldwater sport fishery and which may be managed as coldwater streams.
Designated Use
This is the water classification legally recognized by NR102 and NR104, Wis. Adm. Code. The classification determines water quality criteria and effluent limits. Waters obtain designated uses through classification procedures.
Default FAL
Fish and Aquatic Life - Default Waters do not have a specific use designation subcategory but are considered fishable, swimmable waters.

Overview

Joos Valley Creek is a major tributary of Eagle Creek and flows southwest 7 miles before emptying into Eagle Creek. The headwater area has steep gradients, significant spring seeps and a coarse gravel substrate. Moving downstream, the stream is severely impacted by streambank erosion, sedimentation and elevated water temperatures. A limited coldwater trout fishery exists in the upstream area and the lower portion supports a warmwater forage fish community.

Date  2011

Author   Aquatic Biologist

Overview

Joos Valley Creek is identified as currently supporting a warmwater forage fishery (WWFF), but has potential to support a coldwater (Class III)
sport fishery (WDNR 1990, 1996). The stream is limited by excessive
sediment loading, elevated water temperatures and habitat unsuitable to support a coldwater fishery.

Date  2002

Author   Aquatic Biologist

Unnamed, Waumandee Creek Watershed (BT06) Fish and Aquatic LifeUnnamed, Waumandee Creek Watershed (BT06) RecreationUnnamed, Waumandee Creek Watershed (BT06) Fish Consumption

General Condition

The degraded habitat can be characterized as stream banks trampled by cattle, little overhanging vegetation and loose sediment over sandy, unstable substrate. As a result, much of the length of the stream is wide and shallow; not the narrow and deep cross-section characteristic of a healthy coldwater stream in the driftless area of the state.

The extensive coverage of the substrate with silt and soft organic sediment limits the areas of exposed gravel necessary for reproduction. It also greatly reduces the primary food sources that depend on clean interstitial areas. The relative smoothness of the substrate also minimizes areas for smaller forage fish to get out of faster currents. Sediment has been identified as the pollutant causing these impairments. As such, the extensive coverage of the substrate with sediment constitutes an objectionable deposit under the narrative water quality standards criterion in s. NR 102.04(1)(a) cited below.
The extensive sedimentation is a year round situation. As such, there is no critical condition. This is not to say that there is not variation on the sediment carried in runoff to a stream.

The TMDL addresses impairments in both streams (specifically sediment and loss of habitat), since they are located in the same drainage area (see Fig. 1). Elevated water temperatures will be indirectly addressed by reducing sedimentation and improving overall stream habitat conditions.

Date  2011

Author   Aquatic Biologist

Impaired Waters

The TMDL for Waumandee Creek Watershed was approved in 2003. Joos Valley Creek is a major tributary of Eagle Creek and flows southwest 7 miles before emptying into Eagle Creek. The headwater area has steep gradients, significant spring seeps and a coarse gravel substrate. The stream was impacted by streambank erosion and sedimentation.

Joos Valley Creek was included in the Waumandee Creek Priority Watershed project area where several types of management practices were implemented, including manure storage facilities, livestock crossings, and streambank fencing and stabilization. These practices resulted in a statistically significant reduction in suspended solids concentrations and increase in habitat condition. A total suspended solids (TSS) Total Maximum Daily Load (TMDL) report was approved by EPA in 2003 that addresses the degraded habitat impairment. Post-implementation assessment reports document recovery of this stream's habitat quality (Wang, Lyons, and Kanehl, 2002) and decreased TSS concentrations (USGS, unpublished draft).

Date  2011

Author   Aquatic Biologist

Condition

Wisconsin has over 84,000 miles of streams, 15,000 lakes and milllions of acres of wetlands. Assessing the condition of this vast amount of water is challenging. The state's water monitoring program uses a media-based, cross-program approach to analyze water condition. An updated monitoring strategy (2015-2020) is now available.

Compliance with Clean Water Act fishable, swimmable standards are located in the Executive Summary of Water Condition in 2016 . See also 'monitoring' and 'projects'.

Reports

Recommendations

TMDL (USEPA) Approved
This Total Maximum Daily Load (TMDL) for sediment addresses sedimentation and degraded habitat impairments conditions in the upper 7 miles of Eagle Creek, and the entire 7 mile length of Joos Valley Creek, a tributary of Eagle Creek. The TMDL identifies load allocations and management actions that will restore the biological integrity of these streams. Both streams were identified as a medium priority on the 1998 303(d) list.
Delist Impaired Water
Joos Valley Creek was included in the Waumandee Creek Priority Watershed project area where several types of management practices were implemented, including manure storage facilities, livestock crossings, and streambank fencing and stabilization. These practices resulted in a statistically significant reduction in suspended solids concentrations and increase in habitat condition. A total suspended solids (TSS) Total Maximum Daily Load (TMDL) report was approved by EPA in 2003 that addresses the degraded habitat impairment. Post-implementation assessment reports document recovery of this stream's habitat quality (Wang, Lyons, and Kanehl, 2002) and decreased TSS concentrations (USGS, unpublished draft).

Management Goals

Wisconsin's Water Quality Standards provide qualitative and quantitative goals for waters that are protective of Fishable, Swimmable conditions [Learn more]. Waters that do not meet water quality standards are considered impaired and restoration actions are planned and carried out until the water is once again fishable and swimmable

Management goals can include creation and implementation of a Total Maximum Daily Load Analysis, habitat restoration work, partnership education and outreach and more. If specific recommendations exist for this water, they will be displayed below.

Monitoring

Monitoring the condition of a river, stream, or lake includes gathering physical, chemical, biological, and habitat data. Comprehensive studies often gather all these parameters in great detail, while lighter assessment events will involve sampling physical, chemical and biological data such as macroinvertebrates. Aquatic macroinvertebrates and fish communities integrate watershed or catchment condition, providing great insight into overall ecosystem health. Chemical and habitat parameters tell researchers more about human induced problems including contaminated runoff, point source dischargers, or habitat issues that foster or limit the potential of aquatic communities to thrive in a given area. Wisconsin's Water Monitoring Strategy was recenty updated.

Grants and Management Projects

Monitoring Projects

Watershed Characteristics

Unnamed is located in the Waumandee Creek watershed which is 221.97 miĀ². Land use in the watershed is primarily forest (47%), agricultural (38%) and a mix of open (5%) and other uses (10%). This watershed has 508.29 stream miles, 3,011.30 lake acres and 8,253.68 wetland acres.

Nonpoint Source Characteristics

This watershed is ranked Not Available for runoff impacts on streams, Not Available for runoff impacts on lakes and Medium for runoff impacts on groundwater and therefore has an overall rank of Medium. This value can be used in ranking the watershed or individual waterbodies for grant funding under state and county programs.This water is ranked High Stream for individual Rivers based on runoff problems and the likelihood of success from project implementation.

Natural Community

Joos Valley Creek is considered a Cool-Cold Headwater under the state's Natural Community Determinations.

Natural communities (stream and lake natural communities) represent model results that use predicted flow and temperature based on landscape features and related assumptions. Ranges of flow and temperature associated with specific aquatic life communities (fish, macroinvertebrates) help biologists identify appropriate resource management goals. Wisconsin's Riverine Natural Communities.

Cool (Cold-Transition) Headwaters are small, usually perennial streams with cold to cool summer temperatures. Coldwater fishes are common to uncommon (<10 per 100 m), transitional fishes are abundant to common, and warm water fishes are uncommon to absent. Headwater species are abundant to common, mainstem species are common to absent, and river species are absent.